"Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine.
It is the first of the two directions of prayer,  the third in holiness, and the side of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad, peace be upon him.
[Al-Aqsa] is the second mosque placed on earth after the Haram Mosque [in Mecca]. Its walls contain the oldest Islamic artifact remaining to this day, the Dome of the Rock, which was built by Ummayid Caliph Al-Waleed bin Abdel Malek. The Buraq Wall [Western Wall] is considered the southwestern part of the mosque, around 50 meters long and 20 meters high. Al-Aqsa Mosque is considered one of the largest mosques in the world, and one of the holiest mosques for Muslims. In the past it was called Al-Haram Al-Qudsi A-Sharif [The Noble Jerusalem Sanctuary].
The noble Al-Aqsa Square located in the Old City of Jerusalem in Palestine contains 25 wells of water for drinking and cleansing. The mosque has four minarets as well as the graves of religious sages.
Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock are not the only places for prayer, the entire square is a place of prayer.
For years Al-Aqsa was a center of Islamic civilization, learning, and knowledge."
– Qalandia Center for Research and Learning
0202 Editor's Note:
 Originally, Muslims prayed facing Jerusalem. After a divine revelation, Muhammad instructed Muslims to pray facing the Ka'aba in Mecca.
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